Discussion of the Law

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What is the purpose of the law? Why do we need lawyers? Is there a better system available to society? Has the practice of law been corrupted by the greed motive? These are all vitally important questions that need to be discussed in a frank and open manner. The accessibility of an internet website makes it the perfect tool for hosting such a free ranging discussion on aspects of the law.

What is the Purpose of the Law?

“Sovereignty itself is, of course, not subject to law, for it is the author and source of law; but in our system, while sovereign powers are delegated to the agencies of government, sovereignty itself remains with the people, by whom and for whom all government exists and acts.”
[Yick Wo v. Hopkins, 118 U.S. 356; 6 S.Ct. 1064 (1886)]

The sovereign makes the law in order to protect his, her or their “life liberty and property”. The mechanism for upholding the body of rules known as the law is first the police force. Since part of the law is the right to a trial, lawyers and legal professionals become involved in the law process.

The notion of sovereignty varies from country to country. In England the monarch is the sovereign. In the USA, following the model handed down from the French Revolution ‘the people’ are the sovereign.

Under the American system ‘the people’ therefore have the right to change the law. And yet their elected representatives often seem reluctant to enact the changes that many of the people want. A classic example of this is the legalization of marijuana. The people of California clearly want this but their sovereignty is undermined by the overriding claim of sovereignty held by the federal government.

Why do we need lawyers?

Essentially lawyers are a product of the inaccuracy of language. As more words are used the more there is room for interpretation. Words are a way of modeling reality. The model is not reality. Thus, lawyers are needed to find suitable interpretations for the words of the law.

Secondly, the constitution upholds the right for a man to defend himself if accused by the law. The law is complicated and this right requires lawyers. In civil law the right for redress against a perceived wrong also requires the services of a lawyer.

Finally, as a result of the slippery nature of language, lawyers are needed to write agreements that cannot be easily broken.

Therefore, lawyers are experts in the details of the law as well as the language of the law. The details naturally include the important body of examples set out in precedence.

Is there a better system available to society?

Some countries use trial by jury; in others judges decide the verdict of guilty or not guilty. Either way lawyers are used to expound the opposing points of view of the plaintiff and the defendant. Should we scrap the system of lawyers and let people directly plead their case to a judge? As in the case of King Solomon, a wise man could see clearly to the heart of the matter and reach a just decision, mete out justice.

People are dismayed with the ‘tricks’ lawyers use such as pleading that technical proceedings were not followed correctly. It is commonly perceived that those with lots of money can retain the services of lawyers who are adept at throwing up smokescreens of words by which they can make ‘black’ become ‘white’.

There are clearly problems with the legal system. They might, however, reflect inequalities and problems in society rather than in the theory of the law.

Has the practice of law been corrupted by the greed motive?

The last point naturally leads on to the relationship in America between money and the law. People can become rich from using the law in the USA, more so than in any other country. Not only can some lawyers command high fees for their services but they can also take a commission for damages they recover.

The culture of ‘ambulance chasing’ is seen by many foreign observers as being endemic in the USA. This does seem to be an unfortunate side effect of the sovereign right to pursue a grievance through the legal system. Other countries have basically the same legal system as the USA with little litigation. One definitely has to question the motives of many plaintiffs. Greed undoubtedly is behind many court cases. However, sometimes it is the desire to clear ones name, or the desire to challenge the law itself. Again, we have to look not at the law but at the society that uses the law in cynical and greedy ways.

These are just notes to get the ball rolling. www.nalpexchange.org is about an exchange of opinions connected to the law. It is often quoted that the future is a foreign country; well the law is also a foreign country. This website intends to explore the law in its widest sense and in its most far reaching applications and influences in order to make the law less foreign to us.

Internet Licensing Laws – UK

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The problem with many of our laws relating to licensing and copyrights, is that most of them were developed long before the introduction of the internet. Take for example the laws that govern the requirements of TV licences in the UK.    At the moment you can actually watch the lots of UK TV channels online without needing a TV license.  Now a few years ago that would have been unlikely to tempt many people from abandoning their TVs to computers.  But nowadays the line between TVs and computers is very blurred – we have internet enabled TV sets, super fast broadband and a myriad of devices able to store TV channels.

Suddenly the requirement of an expensive  TV license doesn’t seem so necessary.  Clearly there is confusion in the market and the BBC Trust is mooting changes to clarify the situation (and obviously force more to buy a license).   A BBC spokesman said –

Legislative change is likely to be required in order to reflect technology changes in the licence fee regulations,”

One of the biggest loopholes is the fact that if you don’t watch the shows live then you don’t need the license.  So presumably you could set your TV or media device to download or store the show and watch a few minutes later.  The license costs about £142 or about $250 so it’s a significant expense that can be avoided each year.

There are other confusions experienced across the planet.  Most media channels block access to their content outside their countries borders.  Hulu is only available in the US, M6 Replay only in France and the BBC technically in the United Kingdom.  Of course these restrictions are frequently bypassed online – there are loads of internet sites explaining how you can watch anything online.  This one for instance shows how to watch BBC Iplayer – http://www.proxyusa.com/bbciplayerabroad2012.   Are these methods illegal – well probably not with current legislation but of course there are lots of legislation pending in the US and across the world that might change this situation.

IN other countries the legislation is different of course, which is the huge problem for people attempting to regulate the internet.  Whether you need to access BBC Iplayer in the UK or ABC Iview, the problem is still the same – your IP address, wherever you are defines what you see.

There’s one thing for sure if you want to specialize in a fast developing and probably controversial area of law – the media might very well be for you.

Further Reading

Oct 26

Polish Torrents Legal Claims

There are of course lots of ways to make money on the internet as I’m sure you’ve seen thousands of emails and web adverts describing over the years.  Some methods, although not illegal are not quite as savory as others including the rather unpleasant tactic of copyright trolling.  We first saw this about 10 years ago when a UK law firm called ACS Law started trying to extort money off individuals who had downloaded movies, story here.   However it’s developed over the years and appeared in many areas of the world – usually under the pseudonym of ‘copyright trolling’.

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The concept consists of the copyright holder (or fee earning agent) trawling the internet looking for IP addresses who have downloaded their movies or music from torrent or file sharing sites.   They will then obtain the names and addresses or the people who are associated with those IP addresses and send them copyright claims.  It’s normally a threat of legal action with an option to settle for a specific amount, it can be extremely lucrative for the copyright owner particularly in the case of downloaded pornography. People don’t realise that they can be tracked down to their IP addresses if they’re using their home connections and that anonymous torrenting is something you need to take technical steps to achieve.

Imagine their millions of people using file sharing and torrent sites every day to download copyrighted materials completely unaware of the risks.  What’s more a large percentage who would probably rather pay up than a potentially embarrassing court appearance, which is what these trolls rely on.   It’s kind of like legalized extortion with the companies usually claiming the moral high ground but are more interested in making some easy money.

Poland seems to be the latest battleground subject to these tactics with hundreds of people being visited by the police seizing the computers of people who have allegedly download a comedy film called ‘Screwed’.   Presumably the police have obtained the IP and physical addresses from their ISPs although this doesn’t seem clear at the moment.  It’s a much more aggressive approach than happened in the UK where it was simply a civil case which didn’t involve the police or criminal courts.

The action is said to be aimed only at active uploaders and distributors of the copyrighted material.  However as every one using a standard torrent client will be uploading and sharing at the same time, this doesn’t really exclude anyone. It all sounds very suspicious and the involvement of the Polish police is extremely worrying as they seem to be seizing equipment and advising suspects to settle the demands outside court.   Standards of evidence collection and impartiality don’t seem that important in this situation, particularly as there are many scenarios where the technical information can be misleading.

 

Oct 26

New Dutch Law Threatens Single Digital Market

One of the biggest problem with establishing laws on the internet is everyone has their own idea of what’s required.  For you the digital individual can sit in one country and interact, buy, sell and chat with people and businesses in a host of other countries.  Every country has their own laws and it’s very confusing which should apply!  The European Union is attempting to establish a set of rules for a Digital Single Market (DSM) but it’s extremely difficult as each country still has it’s own internet based rules and regulations too.

Best VPN for Netflix

Take for example the new Internet neutrality laws adopted by the Netherlands this month, a single law or actually an amendment to their Telecommunications act banning zero rating in the case of certain services or categories. Nothing particularly controversial, yet it illustrates the difficulty in unifying digital markets simply because it contravenes what Europe has already decided that National regulators decide zero rating pricing on a case-by-case basis.

Meanwhile of course commercial enterprises have a slightly different agenda, T-Mobile Netherlands have launched something called ‘Music Freedom’ which allows customers unmetered access to music streaming services.  This offer also potentially violates the new net neutrality laws.

None of the laws are particularly restrictive and often represent a desire to protect the consumers.  However it is easy to see how individual countries passing hundreds of specific internet and telecoms laws will undermine a single digital market.  Combined with both individuals and companies also trying to implement their own specific choices makes for a formidable challenge.

At the moment individual consumers have to use technical skills and IP changing software to access digital products which are bought in one European country if they travel to another.  Yet the companies don’t like this for a variety of reasons and it’s why you’ll find things like Netflix VPN bans – here – mainly they say to enforce licensing restrictions imposed on them.

Sep 26

The Case for Restorative Justice

It’s appealing at least on a moral level, the offender has to reestablish the price tag of his crime, or offer a type of compensation. For example, if he vandalizes a car, that person must pay for the repairs. Often he is not fully aware of all the damages that have been caused, so confronting this issue aims to solve this. Additionally, offenders have to follow victims’ stories and face until the reality of what it is that they have done.

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The victim plays a significant role in this procedure and usually receives some kind of restitution from the offender, whether it’s monetary, community assistance, or whatever other services they might be able to provide. He or she may have in mind what an appropriate restitution plan might entail. He or she then described how he and his neighbour had been affected. For example, he or she may provide further information in relation to the background or the impact of the offence.  This can be done in a variety of ways, simply meeting the victim or often a presentation might be created by a legal team perhaps by using some online video editor free.

It is necessary to likewise concentrate on analyzing the victims of a crime because they can lead to a thriving arrest. When an actual victim of severe crime is in the room, it may have a major effect on re-offending.

There are numerous forms of restorative justice. Restorative justice, nevertheless, is no out-of-the-box solution. To be certain, restorative justice isn’t a simple fix. The method unlike things like statutory law is grounded in a completely different logic, based primarily on philosophy, and practice. Restorative justice stipulates a totally different manner of thinking about crime and victimization. Restorative justice takes a significant paradigm shift for everybody involved. Restorative justice empowers students to resolve conflicts by themselves and in little groups, and it’s an increasing practice at schools across the nation.

Restorative Justice is increasing exponentially in the usa. Restorative justice looks like the absolute most efficient way to start rebuilding. Soon restorative justice could possibly be the norm instead of the exception in regards to school discipline. In this manner, restorative justice appears to fit much more with the fundamentals of evidence-based practice.

Programs employing restorative principles get the central target of addressing the requirements of victims. Today restorative justice programs are found around the world. There is a multitude of programs and ideas connected with restorative justice.

Regrettably, the feudal system of justice has a severe flaw since it devalues the very individuals who hold the secret to its daily life and regeneration. The criminal justice process is second just to the educational process in the quantity of fads and experiments that temporarily course during the expert ranks. As opposed to the individual harmed who retaliates, it’s our justice system which strikes back on the victim’s behalf.

The retributive the heart of our present system has spawned the greatest absolute and per capita incarceration speeds in the history of earth. In addition, It has been driven by means of an urge to hold offenders truly accountable. From a victims’ perspective, among the reasons the conventional unlawful justice process is inadequate is it doesn’t have authority to call upon the full array of governmental resources necessary to fulfill the requirements of victims. Second, the requirements of victims ought to be adequately addressed. Moreover, it supplies help for the offender to be able to steer clear of future offences.

Jack Hargreaves

www.proxyusa.com

Jul 18

Immigration Specialist and Lawyers

Immigration attorneys also handle the application procedure and procedures involved with neutralizing foreigners who wish to become US citizens. Any forms associated with the US immigration should be submitted and filed with this particular agency. This informative article looks briefly at the last year along with the issues which have arisen in the area of US Immigration. Because of it being a department of america federal government, many immigrants are quite intimidated when they need to cope with the USA Immigration and Naturalization agency.

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While this kind of attorney can often help speed up and smooth out the process, the expense to retain legal counsel for assistance with US immigration is generally not an option for several. You have to make sure your attorney is just a member of a minimum of one immigration lawyers association. You could also appoint an internet immigration lawyer to provide you with only advice.  Just have a search online in a location which is convenient, although if you’re outside the country you might need to spoof my IP address to access region locked websites. You need to pose as many questions that you can to your immigration lawyer.

To come across professionals which are seasoned in handling immigration, you might need a seasoned immigration law firm. Immigration laws also cope with asylum seekers. The attorneys also handle the legal issues connected with people that are refugees or seeking asylum. Immigration attorneys continuously monitor the hottest changes in immigration policy, legislation and procedures to be able to make certain their clients fully reap the benefits of the most up-to-date info.

Nonetheless of the results of the review, in the long run, you’ll have a better insight in your case and you may be educated of all of your immigration choices. As somebody who helps different folks periodically with immigration matters, this is really a fantastic reference to get. It needs to be remembered that there’s also a great heap of controversy surrounding emigration, especially from selected countries and particular portions of the world. There are a lot of people steps within the procedure to make this type of dream a reality and passing the US citizenship test is among the crucial steps.

A good number of these businesses are made to help individuals throughout the immigration process and possess a staff that are fluent in a range of languages to help overcome the language issue. Prior to making a final decision to really go through with US immigration, be certain to seek out good info, suggestions and input from others, in order to understand what the full process entails.  When you connect online try and use residential VPN services as they look like legitimate US web accounts.

The fee structure for the necessary forms has just been moderately raised. For this particular reason, it will always be best to have the latest editions, and also to check to make certain any law you’re relying on is still fantastic law and hasn’t been changed. In a few cases, the petitioner and beneficiary opt to manage the Immigration matter by themselves and in those situations a form G-28 will never be filed.

The other advantage to seeking out such aid, whether from a lawyer or from among the many businesses offering immigration solutions, is they can greatly aid in the avoidance of missteps within the citizenship procedure. In the instance of immigration bonds it’s the federal government with which you’re dealing. With these sorts of costs only for filing the correct forms, it is simple to observe why seeking to gain US citizenship is just too expensive for many. To find out more about immigration bond contact a neighborhood bail bond company.

Jul 18

Discussing the Gun Control Options

Proponents of gun control appear to believe the Amendment isn’t absolute. It is needed, and it can be accomplished. The next amendment right permits us to own guns. Safe gun storage probably will be near the highest part of the listing of new gun laws.

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They are able to carry on airplanes if they’re Federal Officers. They don’t have any guns for citizens. No, there will not be any tyranny by gun in the USA.

With the world wide web, what an individual can’t accomplish with a high-powered rifle, an individual could probably learn how to do with homemade explosives. Once the president started to discuss gun control, gun enthusiasts renewed their rush to buy guns and ammunition. It doesn’t go into various selection of guns or what’s the difference between riffles, shotguns and handguns. It generally does not safeguard our right to get automatic firearms, nor does this give any hint in any respect that it merely protects the right of our military to carry guns.  It is a worry what people can learn about firearms though especially using the web, obviously some of it is monitored by the security services but how much is hidden using proxies and VPNs like this online IP changer.

The typical criminal will not own a machine gun, and they’re far out numbered by ordinary morons that have a stock pile of every weapon you are able to think of within the gun cabinet.So yes. There’s also an extra two hours of training in the gun range about the actual use and security essentials of handling a firearm.

No consideration needs to be given to simple collectors in regards to gun control, make them collect stamps. The pro-gun, or what is generally called gun nuts, possess the firm belief the American people possess the right to not just carry a gun, yet to carry any form of gun which they want, while anti-gun groups need to get cleared of the right to carry a gun all together unless that individual is really a soldier or police officer.

You’ve got enough legal stuff below your pillow and on your own gun rack. They’ve gunshot monitors that may pinpoint the location of the fired gun inside a few feet. As it’s now, everyone can go into a shop and get any gun they desire. If a person would like to kill you or do harm to your own family members, I don’t think having a gun is likely to change that.

People would just begin shooting at anyone by using their gun drawn. Women are encouraged to be in possession of a firearm. Gun violence isn’t racial either here.

Those with guns hidden within the woods will soon be questioned regarding where their guns are. Much like drugs, making guns illegal won’t secure rid of them. They are going to bury their guns and ammo within the woods. Quite simply, if they have guns we ought to be permitted to not only have them too, but in addition be permitted to possess the exact same ones they do.

Guns are really not the issue, crazy, sic, mentally unstable individuals with guns are. The problem is that these people can do way more damage with a semi-automatic weapon than they can with a knife, we only have to watch the latest developments on BBC World News streaming to our laptops to see the truth in that.

In today’s world, many particularly in the US consider gun ownership is really an acceptable means of safeguarding your life from criminal elements. Carrying a stun gun is a superb approach to offer protection for yourself and your family members, but additionally it has a particular quantity of responsibility. So here is another group which should become hardly any consideration in regards to gun control. The gun enthusiast want to utilize the slippery slope argument.

Jun 29

A Primer on Equality Law

The very first section of Equity is Equality. Here is Equality from starting to end. Here is what you have to know more about the new law. In the aforementioned lawsuit, the worker should first prove there’s a wage difference.

Law is usually defined as a method of rules and regulations which are equal for everybody and are enforced through a pack of institutions. The Equality Act 2010 was made to offer comprehensive legal protection against the injustice due to status discrimination’. For him, the fresh law doesn’t reflect realities on the ground. For them, this law will produce more problems within the home than it is going to solve.

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Among the most significant innovations is really a procedure for contract compliance that is certainly consistent with EC public procurement law. A number of other states are now pursuing similar legislation. Besides that, the requirements are very different in each and every state. You could also consider selecting a student medical insurance plan for your own child if they’re close to an age that no longer allows them all to be covered by your present insurance plan.

Equality needs a greater level of group pluralism. Where Caste is, there may not be Equality. Within this light, there’s a particular utopianism about the modern equality movement. Yet both bodies of law proved generally treated as conceptually distinct.   In many countries you are not even allowed to access ordinary web sites and services whatever sex you are.    This is normally dependent on your location and your network address, for example a UK or French IP address would be able to access most content on the web except for specific region locked stuff.

Wellness is wealth is a rather popular saying. Indeed, gender equality is not just about women. Equality between women and men.

Of course equality can vary hugely depending on where you are, take Texas for example which has a superior risk pool for people that have been declined, due to health conditions. Contingent upon the individual’s condition they require different spans of care. This is perfect for individuals that are students but have dependents, like children along with a spouse.

If you’re self-employed as well as your company begins to have more clients, then you ought to get medical insurance through an expert employers association that may give insurance to small businesses less the exorbitant fees. That’s unless you’re a solitary small business proprietor in which case an individual medical insurance policy would be best. Here you’re supposed to prove it to the insurance policy company the job loss isn’t voluntarily. Actually, companies aren’t made to insure you.

Private medical insurance does not have to be difficult for anybody to obtain as there are lots of providers who are willing to do as such. Additionally, many health care providers don’t choose to split the actual expenses of services with the general public. It’s essential not merely for the standard individuals but additionally for the individuals with disability. Individuals who are employed in some specific occupations are entitled to insurance policy through their professional bodies or unions and certainly will be more fortunate with an insurance policy policy that’s specifically geared to their own needs.

One suspects the equality-label is generally used precisely due to its malleability within an age of moral uncertainty. It’s worth remembering that in the majority of secular accounts of the law, both of these sets of cases are rather minor footnotes. That still excludes a whole lot of people. There aren’t any ethics in biology.

No matter the case you must now qualify for group insurance. This way, you’ll have lower costs to cover under COBRA. If you’re able to not afford premiums in any way, there are lots of helpful government and private plans that might help. By spreading liability over thousands as an alternative to only a few, insurance companies have the ability to offer lower rates to associations.

Further Reading:

More Information on Using a UK VPN

Jun 21

Brexit Law Changes

For the last few decades much of Britain’s employment laws have been based on EU directives and legislation.  Unfortunately it is not clear what if anything will change, indeed it is important to remember that the Brexit capmapigners have no actual control over  these laws even if we leave the EU as the majority are not in Government.

Here’s a few of the main issues:

Transfer of Employment

A set of regulations called TUPE which ensure that employment and conditions are transferred when a business or services changes ownership.  This offers significant protection for employees and their terms of services.  Will a UK government carry on with TUPE.

Agency Workers

The EU has introduced a lot of protection for agency workers ensuring that if they work for 12 weeks they will be entitled to the same basic working and employment conditions of permanent workers recruited directly by the company.  This was extremely controversial in the UK and it’s distinctly possible that this will be replaced.

Health and Safety

The EU has introduced a lot of health and safety legislation often with a lot of opposition in the UK, many who argue that it is burdensome and oppressive. It is unclear how much would be retained or replaced.

Discrimination

Another areas heavily influenced by European law, in fact pretty much all of the UK discrimination laws have an EU component.  Protections on grounds of disability, sex, race and religion have all been strengthened by EU law.  Although possible that  these could be weakened following an exit from the EU it is probably unlikely this would happen.

Holiday Payments

Another important area that has been influenced by the European Union.  Latest improvements include the rulings that holiday pay should include their full earnings rather than just the basic salary.   Many expect this to change if a UK government had the ability to control this issue.

Digital Market Place

An important area that is currently in development, many UK citizens earn their living online making and selling digital services and computer software like Identity Cloaker.   Overall the market for digital products across the world is confusing tangle of conflicting rights and regulations.  The EU is trying to produce a single market for digital products to help alleviate this situation.

Further Reading

John Williams, IP Cloaker, Black Swan Productions, 2015

Jun 21

Pakistani Blasphemy Laws – Man Arrested

Throughout the world there are some very strict religious laws, and Pakistan has some of the most inflexible.  Last week Pakistani police sweeped down on the home of Jahanzaib Khaskhili in the town of Tando Adam.    His crime was unclear at first but it was soon revealed to be for the selling of shoes which carried a sacred Hindu symbol on them.

The shoes carried the ‘om’ symbol which is held sacred in the Hindu religion.  The arrest was supported by the local Hindu community leaders who called for the shopkeeper to be punished for this supposed crime.   The blasphemy laws sound quite reasonable on first glance simply making it a crime to insylt any of the major religions, There are specific extremist sections too though including defiling the Koran or insulting a certain Prophet Mohammad which carry either a life sentence or a mandatory death sentence.

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So what’s going to happen to the poor shopkeeper? Well the sentence for his particular ‘crime’ is slightly more lenient but still could be up to 10 years in jail plus some sort of fine.  Ali is reported to be cooperating with the police and authorities and is claiming he was completely unaware that he was committing a crime.   The police chief seemed to be sympathetic to these claims and is likely to be lenient.

They were also now pursuing the supplier of the footwear, who is also based in Pakistan but in the neighboring Punjab province.

What is evident though that visitors to Pakistan should be extremely careful about what hey do or say when in Pakistan.  It is easy for visitors from liberal areas like Europe to inadvertently break strict laws especially around religion.  It’s best to avoid any discussions or situations involving religions unless you are actively participating.

If you’re using the internet and or messaging try to use only protected or secure sites.  In fact it’s advisable to only post anonymously on social media sites, plus use encryption to protect your actual data and connection.   Many people in these countries routinely use a VPN like this to protect themselves and of course access region locked internet sites.

References:

James Jennings, author: UK Proxy Online: 2012 Nomad Publishing

Jun 21

More Strange Laws – Holiday Fun

Every country has a few of them, those strange laws which nobody seems to know the reason for but can ultimately land you in a  lot of trouble.    There are of course often sensible reasons behind some of they can be difficult to predict particularly for an outside.  These are not always in far flung exotic places either – check out some of these below.

France have a lot of laws, they are on the whole fairly sensible but it’s unlikely that everyone abides by all of them.  For example there is a law in place covering motorists, which states that every car driver must carry a high visibility best with them whilst travelling.  If you are caught without one, you can face a fine of just over £100.

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Other laws are slightly more predicable but  still a bit strange for a westerner to comprehend.  For example it’s best not to get too amorous in public whilst in Dubai.  In 2010 a UK couple spent a month in a Dubai jail after being caught kissing in a restaurant.   Others have faced even more serious sentences for similar offences.  You can also get in trouble for doing anything like this over the internet, so be careful what you stream over the internet using this best VPN for Netflix !

What could possibly happen in the laid back Caribbean, where we suspect the police probably spend a lot of time relaxing and taking naps.  But beware, be careful what you wear there, in the Caribbean for  some inexplicable reason it is an offence to wear camouflage clothing.

Most people would of course expect there to be some tough drug laws out there particularly in the middle eastern countries but even then they might surprise you.  For example in the United Arab Emirates, you don’t need to be carrying them – the slightest trace in your bloodstream is enough to land you a hefty jail sentence.  The drugs that are banned are not also obvious, for example codeine is illegal whereas it’s commonly sold in most European countries.

UAE is probably a place to avoid for a relaxing carefree holiday, for it has other laws which could catch you out.  Ever felt the need to swear at someone on social media for example, a very bad move in the UAE.  A few naughty words on Whatsapp or social media platform could land you with a fine of £50000, ouch !  Do yourself a favor and be very careful what you don online in some of these countries, keep a low profile and perhaps like me use a VPN like this to stream the News and stuff because not only will it hide where you’re visiting but also will encrypt what you say online too.

 

Sep 07

More taxes on firewood and wooden briquettes

There have been a lot of talk lately, about if we should increase the taxes on firewood and wooden briquettes or even ban the use of these product completely for private users. For some this may sound like a joke, because most of us know that this type of fuel is Co2 neutral. Co2 neutral means, that while growing the three absorbed a certain amount of Co2 from the air. When burning the tree this amount of Co2 is released again, so by using firewood for heating, you use a lot less Co2 compared to oil or gas. So why is the goverment even considering increase the taxes on these types of products, or maybe even banning them completely? We asked an expert – Jens from Brænde og Briketter, a store producing and selling firewood, and he did his best to explain the problem to us.

The main problems isn’t the products, when burning wooden briquettes or pure firewood, the right way, you get clean heat in a way that doesn’t really affects the environment much. It’s way better than oil, gas or even windmills (as there are lot of pollution involved in building the windmills). The only Co2 you get from firewood is the transportation, and cutting it to the right sizes. So what is then so bad about it, and why does the goverment want us to use less firewood? According to Jens and some testing he did for kvalibrænde, the problem is how we burn it. When we burn wood that isn’t quite dry enough or we don’t get a high enough temperature, then we don’t get a clean fire and we won’t burn away most of the harmful particles like Dioxin.

Dioxin is a very potent carcinogen and endocrine disrupter, and is a very deadly air pollutant. dioxins increases the risk of genetic defects, cancer, birth defects, reproductive abnormalities, and immune dysfunction. When it gets out in the environment it is recycled there for several years. Recently we have discovered that Wood burning is the third largest source of dioxin in the United States. When burning firewood it rise high into the atmosphere as smoke particles, fall to the earth as rain, where it pollutes the soil and water. Accoring to some test from Brænde and Briketter, they noticed that burning one kilogram of wood, can result in 160 micrograms of dioxins.

This doesn’t mean that it’s always bad to use wood as a source of heat. Most of the time you get a good clean fire, and there isn’t any problems. But a modern wood stove that use catalytic combustors to reduce smoke emissions are particularly sensitive to fuel quality, so if you use wooden briquttes in a poor quality, wet wood or add some garbage to your stove, then you end up with a poor quality fire, which can’t remove all of the harmful particles, and you end up polluting the air. In order to reduce this problem, there have been some talk about putting more taxes on firewood, in order to get people to use less of it. Is there any difference if you use firewood or briquettes? Yes most of the time, you get a better fire with wooden briquettes as you can see in this example, but most of the time, you really wont notice any difference.

Jun 29

Bizarre laws: The Weirdest Laws

untitledA lot of us thought we knew most common laws, these are orders from the government that needs to be followed and respect by the society. If you choose to step outside these laws, you may be fined or charged of whatever it might be that you don’t follow. As we all know, the government or even the police officers might arrest you if you break a law. However, there are instances that we can’t understand why we are arrested or questioned something that is unbelievable to be prohibited by the government. They called this as bizarre laws. Yes, bizarre law is very common to United States of America. This is enacted by the government for the American citizens to follow. But you may believe it or not, bizarre laws are stupid laws that are hard to believe that exists. Most laws are made to protect the interest of the society. There are also laws that are just illogical, impractical and even unexplainable. Bizarre laws are laws that really don’t make sense. You might ask yourself why it exists but it is. Here are some bizarre laws that you must be aware of which would surely make you laugh. A lot of these laws are from the time before we had any real politics, but they still stand, even though it’s rare they are enforced. Here we are just taking a look at some of the US laws, if you also had to include som of the EU politics then the list wouldn’t end.

Bulletproof Vest Laws
Did you know that there is a law in New Jersey which would surely puzzled your mind? Yes, it is all about being illegal to wear bulletproof vest while committing a murder? Yes, this is
released by the government in New Jersey. So, you might be wondering how this happen and why this kind of silly and stupid law has been practiced and enacted.

Halloween Laws
There are some states that disallow wearing kids’ masks during Halloween. They ban wearing masks even it is Halloween. Finding a kostume with a mask may also be illegal. What would be Halloween without even wearing masks? Wearing masks in public in Alabama is illegal. Kiddies need to have a permit from the sheriff to wear mask in Walnut, CA. According to them, this will keep the society safe from any accidents or instances like being on danger just because of the masks. For instance, wearing Spiderman masks would be dangerous for kids in Arizona. Kids might be so much excited of their masks and accidentally jay walked because of their excitement, so this is illegal.

Silly Fishing Laws
It is not allowed to do whale fishing in Nebraska, Oklahoma or Utah. There is also a law in Ohio to refrain from whale fishing on Sundays.

Bingo Laws
It has been said that you can’t play bingo games that would last for more than 5 hours in North Carolina. It is said that you must call your lawyer once you played bingo games in hours. It is fine to bingo for fours and half hours.

Rabbit Laws
In Wyoming, it is not allowed to take pictures of a rabbit during the month of June. In this state, rabbits need to have a picture taking break and there are only 11 months available for rabbit picture taking.

Wearing False Teeth Laws
It is illegal in Vermont for the women to wear false teeth, without specific permission from their husband.

These stupid laws really exist no matter how you reacted about it and even through a lot of similar laws have been “fixed” recently, there are still a many crazy laws left out there. Read more strange law examples here at poland-epp.eu

Apr 17

Choosing the Right Business Solution

Starting a new business can be quite a challange. There are a lot of rules you have to known in order to start a business. For instance if you are importing products from another county, there a tons of import and tax rules, you will have to research before you start your business. Many of us are building a business for a lot of different reasons. Most of us are starting a business, just because we want a source of income, a new challange, passionate to business or either we want to spend time doing it. But no matter what purpose you have why you build a business, you still need to have a proper business management to run it well. Business Solutions must be applied onto your business so that it would not difficult for you to deal with some problems that might arise. Of course, no business did not encounter any problem even those successful ones. You might see those having no problem but you did not know that they are also having a problem just like any other businesses out there. It doesn’t mean that a business has no because it is already big and successful. Did you know that a business which is successful is more prone to problems? If in time that your business is going big and becoming successful, you need to be more attentive because it will be frustrated if you go down again, that is a big failure. Business management and control should be done with the assistance of precise business solutions to be applied onto your overall management and business operations.

Any business operations should be hold well. Any small mistake might result a big mess. So, being clever and wise is needed. There are many business strategies that you can apply onto your business to become effective and successful and those are all called business solutions. Technology has come into our world today. Many people embraced the computer era because they find it more exciting and more at ease. At ease on work because it helps to make it fast and exciting because of the new processes they are following without sweat. Everyone wants this idea and of course everyone would love to acquire it. But the only thing that you have to keep in mind is to make sure that you know how to use it. Yes, having the awareness and knowledge on how to use and apply it onto your business would make the work run smoothly. It can be stressing if you have that advance business solutions but don’t have any idea on how it works and how it is being applied.

Help your business grow with the right choice of marketing strategies. If you spend time to browse online, you can have ideas on how to run your business rightfully. Also, if you still have that idea on how to manage your business, you can still learn by browsing online and add some knowledge about managing your business. If you have your business solutions right now, you can still add some more knowledge about it. The world is changing and change will always contribute good purposes why it happened. Since our business economy is growing, and then you must also grow with your ideas on your business solutions. You can have a management that would control all the operations of your business using these advance and sophisticated business solutions.

For instance, just take the business karnevalshoppen, an online webshop selling kostumer, udklædning and accessories to private in europe. It took him several years just to get the most basic stuff done. To get the various tests and permissions to sell the stuff. To begin with it was just a few kostumer, later on as the stock increased, new products was added and more products was being sold, more and more restictions and test was required. Even with all the legal stuff and the many restictions he still managed to turn it into a growing business as you can see here on http://karnevalsshoppen.dk/

Apr 02

Dating Site – PoF Fined under Anti-Spam Legislation

The CRTC says the fine was imposed after complaints alleged PlentyOfFish Media Inc. sent e-mails that didn’t have a clearly labelled or easy-to-use unsubscribe alternative.

The apparent violations happened between July 1 and Oct. 8 of last year.

Markus Frind in Vancouver created PlentyOfFish 12 years ago and now has more than one hundred million users around the world. The service sends its users occasional e-mails which highlight people who have similar interests and notify them of new messages from fellow users. The majority of them are sent from a central mail server based of unknown location but with a US IP address.

Delete-Plentyoffish-account

After they notified PlentyOfFish Media of the investigation, regulators say, the firm upgraded its unsubscribe procedure to obey the laws.

The dating website has additionally agreed to develop a compliance plan, including training for the staff and changes to match with the anti spam requirements.

“This case is a significant reminder to companies that they have to review their unsubscribe mechanics to ensure they’re clearly and conspicuously set out as well as may be readily performed,” said main compliance and enforcement officer Manon Bombardier in a release.

Before this month, the CRTC imposed the primary monetary punishment under the anti-spam law, which came into effect.

The organization has until the CRTC’s ruling to be contested by early April.

Additional Reading

Mar 12

The New Age Of Economy

economyIt’s always fun when we hear about a developing economy. As a normal citizen, you would probably say that the economics, is in a new era of development. This year – is a time of expanding possessions, expanding business, expanding debt and expanding waistlines. This is also a time of fantastic and new innovation. If you are a gadget person, you would probably say that you are now living in a developing state. The economy is on its new stage of development. As you can see, US become one of the most renowned states as being a well-developed state. Economics in the US become trending these days. It is inside the news as being one of the wealthiest states when it comes on its economy. There were some suggestions blowing in the wind of the deviations to come. There are small businesses that were tightening their belts, home prices were down, home foreclosures were up, and a lot of baby boomers were beginning to experience health issues. When it comes on expansion, it becomes superfluous and carried a price. Wealth was now redefined through innovative economic times. An example of this is the EU business karnevalsshoppen, which is behind the project tyrolerudklaedning.dk, a website with focus on tyroler kostumer, tyrolertøj and oktoberfest kostumer. 2 years ago they couldn’t lend the money for the project anywhere. Today almost every bank in the area, are asking if they want to borrow money to get the project going.. Tyrolerudklaedning isn’t the only company who has experienced this. Actually a lot of small companies that was having problems getting a loan, a few years ago, are now having a much easier time finding money for their various projects.

We are already aware that United States of America is the world’s biggest national economy. Since from the late 19th century, US has been a leader in technological innovation and scientific research. Phone becomes an important tool when it comes on the mode of communication. When Alexander Graham Bell manifest for the telephone, the economy in the US had changed a lot. A lot of businesses in United States developed because they are able to have increase customers. Direct contact to customers provides the possibility of acquiring more and more customers and this is because of telephone. People can easily contact and make some transactions through it. Since we love entertainment, we usually spend time on watching movie. Way back from the past, people use phonograph to watch movie. Phonograph was developed by Thomas Edison and it is the first long-lasting bulb which is used as movie camera.

Try to see how the economy in the US developed. They have developed different tools. The high frequency power transmission to be used in radio and AC induction motor were also pioneered by Nikola Tesla. These were really a big contribution to the economy. With a lot of invention in United States, it clearly explains how their economy developed. When you study on the economy in the US today, you would find out they are really progressing. America has also highest average household income. If you are going to compare it into other states, you would be amazed on how it turned out like that. United States is the world’s largest manufacturer and leads the world in airplane manufacturing. The manufacturing sector of Unites States had experienced before of substantial job losses but has easily recovered. Even though United States agriculture compromises less than 2% of the economy, it is still a net exporter of food. If you get alarmed on how US have a developing economy, then you can read lots of sources online.

Feb 25

US Recovery Won’t Boost Global Growth

Even though the US market is growing more firmly compared to the International Monetary Fund anticipated in last October’s World Economic Outlook, that acceleration is not going to suffice to improve international economic growth.

Instead, the pickup in the United States emphasizes the undeniable fact that we have been within an age of economic bundles that are divergent, although some boats being lifted by the tide but leaving the rust pails put the underside.

statue-of-liberty-267948_640
Faced with that prospect, Europe and Japan are embarking on substantial monetary policy experiments, fuelling discussion of international “money wars”. To say that isn’t to deny the extent or value of the restoration that is based on American growth. But the increases to the economies in the rest of the planet from other areas shouldn’t be overestimated.

That change is portion of a broader tendency. From 1986 to 2000, as the planet market experienced a huge process each 1 per cent escalation in world GDP was correlated using better rise ensuring that commerce spread growth globally.

But that multiplier (which economists refer to as the “commerce elasticity”) has dropped to around 1.3, helping to clarify why markets go less closely in measure than they formerly did.   Just check out the news in these countries, you can use this tool to access national broadcasters from the USA and Europe like NBC, BBC, ABC etc.

In once, the decrease in the responsiveness of commerce to increase continues to be particularly marked in America, using the commerce elasticity dropping from almost 4 to of the American market.

The result will be to significantly muffle the direct spillover to the planet in general from a more powerful US restoration.  The prognosis for worldwide increase thus depends more heavily on each area’s own attempts — but the prospects are scarcely not worry in the heart as well as in its periphery of the planet market.

Further Reading

Nov 24

Economy in the US

gratistagtjek.dk - videoovervågning til privateAs we all know by now, United States is currently the world’s largest developing economy country. The US dollar is the currency which is mostly used in international transactions. United States is the world’s leading reserve currency. Financial magazines such as Nyt tag and Tagpap have analysed this and given a bets on why things are going so well for the US compared to Europe. There are several countries used it as their official currency. A US dollars is known from its symbol “$”. It is breaking news that United States of America has a fast growing economy with focus on things such as kameraovervågning and videoovervågning. Due to the country’s economy background, it has been said that it is rated as top state, which receives big dollars when it comes on the financial system. Economy in the US is actually a mixed economy. United States maintained a constant overall GDP growth rate. It is also a big achievement on United State’s economy on having high level of capital investment and high levels of research. Apparently, United States has six largest trading partners namely Japan, China, Germany, Canada, South Korea and Mexico. The economy in the US is very controversial because of the state’s abundance in natural resources. United States of America has high productivity and has well-developed infrastructure.

In the year 2013, United States has the worlds ninth-highest per capita GDP (nominal) and tenth-highest per capita GDP (PPP). Americans turned out as the highest average employee and household income among OECD nations. In the year 2012, United States has the fourth-highest median household income. In 2007, it turned down from second-highest. Since at least 1890s, Economy in the US has been the largest national economy around the world excluding colonial empires. The economy in the US is so much promising according to both Nyt Tag and Tagpap. It is also known as the largest producer of oil all around the world. Economy in the US is the second-highest trading nation around the world and at the same time as the second largest manufacturer too. With the 500 largest companies around the world, 132 largest companies are headquartered in the US. Did you know that United States of America is one of the most and largest influential financial markets all around the world? Yes, you heard it right!

The largest stock exchange by market capitalization around the world is the New York Stock Exchange. With the total of almost $2.4 trillion, United States has made foreign investments. With the total of $3.4 trillion, this is how American investments have in foreign countries. In the year 2013, consumer spending compromises up to 71 percent of the economy in the US. The United States is also the largest consumer market all over the world. It has 5 times larger than Japan on household final consumption expenditure. The labor market in US has attracted immigrants from all around the world and its net migration rate among the highest in the world. Economy in the US is known to be one of the top-performing economies in studies according to Gratistagtjek and Videoovervågning. Economy in the US is presently embroiled in the economic downturn following the financial crisis of 2007-2008. But currently, we can’t say that US is turning down on its competitive and developing economy because it is still a rich country.

Source:
Gratistagtjek.dk
Web: http://www.gratistagtjek.dk

Nov 18

Teaching Guitar to Students Online

There is a huge market for students wanting to learn to play guitar and tutors are starting to meet the demand with online video courses and lessons designed to teach playing levels from beginners to advanced. This is an area that is steadily growing and has great potential for growing a persona service business in this line of teaching.

Of course there are already several well established tutoring programs already available online that provide full video and theory course material. But expert tuition is greatly sought after meaning there is plenty of room for more.

So what does creating such a tutoring program entail?

For starters, it is important the creator of the program has detailed specialized knowledge in the field of teaching and of music with particular emphasis on playing the guitar. The program of course could be created by a non-musician and even someone with no teaching skills in which case a qualified person would have to be enlisted to present the video tutorials and provide the necessary material for students.

Many entrepreneurs have created hugely successful businesses in areas they have no personal expertise by bringing on board the necessary people with the right skills and experience to make them work. The same goes for teaching programs whatever the field happens to be.

In the field of online guitar lessons, to make the program sell and become popular with musicians would take a well respected expert guitar player and teacher to present the course material on video. Better still would be to bring on board a popular guitarist that has enjoyed success in the music business and a name that many would know straight away.

Of course getting hold of the right person can be difficult and costly depending on the level of popularity and respect the person holds in their field. However, no business should ever be limited by maybe’s and what if’s and with the right determination and connections, a clever business person could obtain the services of a high profile player to present the material while also using session musicians to assist in providing the technical demonstration material.

Succeeding in this particular business model can be challenging but for the right person with the right attitude and ability, anything is possible. Teaching new and experienced guitarists alike can be highly rewarding especially when the business grows through word of mouth recommendations from students that were highly impressed with the course and learned a lot from it in relation to the price they paid for it.

More information on becoming a guitar teacher can be found here: Musicians Institute

Oct 27

Teaching goes more and more online

Have you noticed that there are hundreds of different websites where you can take various courses and learn new skills? It coveres everthing from law, how to sew your own tyroler kostume to dancing lessions. You can find online classes for just about anything these days.

Here is an example of a place offering online lessions for money  – http://www.galehusetagf.dk/oktoberfest-tyroler-kostumer/

But is this a good thing or are we shifting to much of the focus from traditional learning to online classes? This is a hard question to answer. Some people don’t do well when sitting together with many other people, they would often gain much more from just sitting alone in front of the computer and learn the stuff without anyone to bother them. These people would learn more with an online teacher instead of sitting in a classroom. Other people are having a hard time concentration unless they are in a group with other people and taking online classes would only make things harder for them.

The quality of these online lessions varie quite a bit. I recently took 2 different classes online, one was a baking class, where you learn to make good tasting Italien bread (a really good class). The other was a sewing class, where we had to sew our own Tyroler kostume for the upcomming Oktoberfest. The first class was actually really good, because it was easy to see how the teacher did it and to follow her recipes. The other class, being a practical class was a bit harder. Sewing Tyroler Kostumer without any real help was actually pretty hard. Of course I could see what the teacher did on the screen, but as soon as something went wrong (and it does quite often in sewing), then it was hard to get the proper help. I guess what I am saying is that some subjects would work really well when it comes to online teaching, other stuff would be best suitet for offline lessons. Personally I think that it’s great that we have both options. I wouldn’t want to take all my classes over the Internet, but I don’t like sitting with 20 people most of the day either. For me the perfect solution would be something like 5 hours in school, and 3 hours with online classes.

Next month I have already planned 3 new online lessions. One is another practical lession, a little bit similar to the one where we had to sew a Tyroler Kostume. The other one is a language class called Italian for beginners (yes, just like the movie) and the final class is a cookie baking class, which will come in handy for christmas.So no regular classes in the traditional classroom style for me this time, but that doesn’t mean that I won’t go back to using those in the next year.

One thing is certain though, we are going to see many more different kinds of online teaching and it will be something that gets more and more integrated into our school system in the future.

Sep 18

Home Education – Is it Really an Alternative?

Multiple varying approaches regarding the way home education ought to be performed are out there. You can find various theories and methods, some of which we’ll be discussing in this article. In the final analysis, however, it’s up to you to decide what techniques will work best with your kids. Sometimes you may want to combine two or more approaches, and come up with a home schooling method of your own.

When you start home schooling, you must set up a schedule. Every family has a routine they normally go through, so that will need to be taken into consideration once the schedule is made out for the home schooling. It is a good idea to be as consistent as possible to the schedule you set up. It can be tempting when home schooling to be casual about time and schedules, since there’s no one supervising you and you can be a little flexible. To make sure your children are able to keep focused, it is important that you have a consistent schedule for individual subjects. It is necessary to have a schedule in place, even if it is changed over time.

Home schooling your kids can be very rewarding for both you and your children; you can provide some things that public schools are unable to. Not only will your children be able to see life in reality, but will also be able to experience places and people in reality. You have the opportunity to give your child a look at the real world when you decide to home school them; instead of sending them off to school where you know little about the curriculum. These lessons will be more defining to you child. Depending on where you live and what you do on a daily basis, will certainly have an impact on what sort or experiences your child may or may not be able to take part in.

There is a lot more flexibility of course than schools and professional teachers are allowed. You can focus on different subjects and use methods which are not practical in a classroom environment for instance. My friend uses the internet a lot to teach her two girls, they are both learning French and watch a lot of French TV online to help. It’s actually quite easy to if you change IP address you can access most of the French and French Canadian TV stations online.

To have an umbrella organization oversee the whole process is what a lot of parents find as the best approach of home schooling. If home schooling is a new experience, this can work well for you. This works really well because your children are at home, you are doing the teaching, and all of the educational materials, subjects and curriculum are supplied by the umbrella organization. If you’re unsure of how to get started or not confident in your ability to create your own curriculum, this may be a solution worth looking into. On the other hand, if you want the maximum amount of independence, the umbrella organization is probably not your best bet. There will be more ways for it to be done, once home schooling becomes more popular. There are other people doing home schooling also, and their experiences might help you a lot, if you will listen. However, when it comes down to it, you should do what you think is best for your own children.

Source: Smart DNS

Aug 27

Important Legal Concepts About Professional Joint Ventures

Joint ventures are an exciting and lucrative way to earn nice profits for your online business. Despite their potential, only a small minority of internet marketers take the initiative and seek out joint ventures. No one has to do this, but it’s definitely a way to take an existing business to another level. You can gain access to skills, investment capital or other resources that you might not have on your own. Leverage is an essential principle in the business world, allowing you to benefit from another business’s resources. The fact is, anyone can learn to manage JVs, even if you’ve never created one before.

The success you reach with your joint venture is also going to depend quite a lot on the primary rules of etiquette. Along with being completely professional, you should be polite and friendly as well. Try hard to create a positive impression as best you can but you aren’t in business with them to be friends. Be friendly as much as you can, or as it is called in business: be cordial to your coworkers. Never come across like you are mistrustful of them, and people will tend to trust you when you give them the same courtesy.

It is imperative that you find a way to create a positive business relationship with your fellow JVers. Communicate with them online and promptly, if you’re in a country where there are restrictions then learn how to change ip address online so that you can use tools like Skype. It’s important to do this so that you’ll have an easier time setting up joint ventures in the future. Matching potential partners to your level of contribution is what you can do when looking for JVs. A major corporation, for instance, will probably not want to work with a solo marketer or a small business. Another example would be a midsized business ignoring a smaller business.

This is just the hard facts of the business world and you have to accept it. Serious money can still be made through IM, even though businesses operate like this. Gaining interest from a larger potential partner is possible if you can present a killer idea that will make them money. Although most of it is based upon negotiations, JV opportunities to follow some general guidelines.

Before you start contacting people about your JV, make sure you’re fully prepared. The larger the company, the more challenging it will be of course. Sending emails to other solo entrepreneurs is quite an easy task. With a larger business, though, you first have to get a list of names so you know who you have to get in touch with. Once you have the people you need, then send all of them your JV proposal. It’s best to arrange it so all of them receive your proposal together. Don’t be afraid to do some research, either online or by phone, if you aren’t sure who to approach at the company. You see the results of joint ventures every single day and multiple times. Each business has something to offer. They are linked by what they do together. What is happening is that both businesses promote each other in a positive way. So even if you have a one-person IM marketing business, invest in the tools like these – Buy VPN online, make the right contacts and you can still make this work.

Jul 09

Did the NSA Monitor Your Data?

Over a four year period, the US National Security Agency (NSA) intercepted the online accounts of various foreigners in a highly targeted investigation. Except it wasn’t that targeted at all and an investigation by the Washington Post has suggested that for every one legitimate target the data of 9 innocent individuals was swept up at the same time. These people were both Americans and non-Americans, there was little specific details that could tie these people together, it looks like just random people who got swept up in the investigation.

The surveillance files created consisted of some fairly detailed information, there were names, email addresses and full transcripts of messages for example. The investigation was a success including information about double agents, secret nuclear projects and the identities of some foreign hackers who had broken into US computer networks (although that could mean anything!). However the 90% who were not targeted had no protection against this federal snooping unless they had encrypted their communication using some VPN software.

It could be said that the results justified the intrusions into innocent internet user’s privacy. The tracking is said to have resulted into the capture of a Pakistan bomb maker in 2011,who is suspected to be involved in the Bali 2002 bombing. There were other examples apparently how the report was asked to withold those on the request of the CIA as they may compromise ongoing investigations.

So how many people were affected who were not supposed to be targeted were involved? Well the number is estimated by the Washington Post at approximately 10,000 individuals all who had their data catalogued and recorded. These were real people with real stories and the information read included ‘stories of love and heartbreak, illicit sexual liaisons, mental health issues, political and religious conversions, financial anxieties and disappointed hopes.’

In addition to this, more than 5000 personal photos and pictures were collected. These are of course what we know about, remember this information was only revealed because Edward Snowden provided the Washington Post with the details. This is likely only one of many thousands of investigations taking place across the planet by the NSA and a variety of other National Security Agencies in other countries.

It’s worth thinking about doing something to protect your privacy unless you fancy your personal online details appearing in agency catalogues across the internet. The cost of a simple high speed VPN won’t make you 100% safe from the security agencies, but will stop your data being harvested and appearing there by mistake. These 10,000 people included in the leaked document are likely to be the tip of the iceberg, the wide spread network tapping is designed to harvest the data from millions of transactions so it’s highly likely the real figure is many times higher.